Local Environmental Plans identify what natural areas should be protected, where shops, industrial estates and public spaces should be located and sets standards and criteria for how all new developments are assessed.
Development Control Plans (DCPs) then detail and give guidance on all the relevant issues, design principles and standards for the full range of development types.

The NSW State Government has made changes to the naming of zones in all Local Environmental Plans across the State. As of 1 December 2021, a reference to an Environment Protection zone E1, E2, E3 or E4 in a document should be taken to be a reference to a Conservation zone C1, C2, C3 or C4, as per the below table. For further information please see the Fact Sheet and FAQ prepared by the State Government, or go to Standard Instrument (Local Environmental Plans) Amendment (Land Use Zones) Order 2021 (nsw.gov.au).

Previous zone name New zone name
Zone E1 - National Parks and Nature Reserves Zone C1 - National Parks and Nature Reserves
Zone E2 - Environmental Conservation Zone C2 - Environmental Conservation
Zone E3 - Environmental Management Zone C3 - Environmental Management
Zone E4 - Environmental Living Zone C4 - Environmental Living